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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 1772 – 25 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He is also a lake poet. His critical work, especially on Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helped introduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture. Coleridge coined many familiar words and phrases, including suspension of disbelief(অবিশ্বাসের স্থগিতাদেশ)( to suspend one’s critical faculties(জটিল চিন্তাধারা) and believe the unbelievable; sacrifice of realism and logic for the sake of enjoyment.). He was a major influence on Emerson and American transcendentalism(অতিন্দ্রীয়বাদ, অলৌকিকতাবাদ). He is called poet of Supernaturalism(অতিপ্রাকৃত, অলৌকিক).

Throughout his adult life Coleridge had crippling(Cripple-খোঁড়া করা, পঙ্গু করে দেওয়া) bouts(দফা, পালা, অসুখের আক্রমণ কাল) of anxiety and depression(বিষাদ); it has been speculated(ধারণা করা হয়) that he had bipolar disorder(a mental condition marked by alternating periods of elation(অনুপ্রেরণা) and depression), which had not been defined during his lifetime. He was physically unhealthy, which may have stemmed from(উদ্ভূত হওয়া, আবির্ভূত হওয়া) a bout of rheumatic fever(বাতজ্বর) and other childhood illnesses. He was treated for these conditions with laudanum(is a tincture of opium containing approximately 10% powdered opium by weight (the equivalent of 1% morphine)), which fostered(উৎসাহিত করেছে) a lifelong opium addiction. For this reason he is called Opium eater.

Literary Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems is a collection of poems by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, first published in 1798 and generally considered to have marked the beginning of the English Romantic movement in literature.

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is the longest major poem published in 1798, in the first edition of Lyrical Ballads.

Biographia Literaria, or in full Biographia Literaria; or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions, is an autobiography in discourse by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, which he published in 1817, in two volumes. It has twenty-three chapters.

Christabel: The story of Christabel concerns a central female character of the same name and her encounter with a stranger called Geraldine, who claims to have been abducted from her home by a band of rough men.

Kubla Khan; or, A Vision in a Dream: A Fragment” is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Kubla Khan(1215 – 1294) was the founder of China Yuan dynasty.

Dejection: An Ode(Dejection- বিষণ্ণতা, বিমর্ষতা) – is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1802. The poem in its original form was written to Sara Hutchinson, a woman who was not his wife, and discusses his feelings of love for her. The various versions of the poem describe Coleridge’s inability to write poetry and living in a state of paralysis, but published editions remove his personal feelings and mention of Hutchinson.

Quotes

1. Friendship is a sheltering tree.
2. Advice is like snow; the softer it falls the longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into the mind.
3. The man’s desire is for the woman; but the woman’s desire is rarely other than for the desire of the man.
4. Common sense in an uncommon degree is what the world calls wisdom.

Movies: The Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan, The Albatross, Christabel, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

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