Computer and Information Technology – 25

Computer Technology: Organization of modern personal computer and its major functional units, computer generations, History of computers, central processing unit and microprocessor, computer memories and their classification and characteristics, input and output devices with characteristics and uses. The role of BIOS. Bus architecture, Motherboard and its components, functions and organization of microprocessors, Arithmetic Logic Unit(ALU), Control unit, Language translator, Text editor, Compiler, Interpreter, Computer software, system software, operating system, application software with examples of applications, Computer virus, office automation. Computational biology; Role of computer in Drug design; Programming languages, their types and levels, steps for software development. Impacts of computer on society.
Information Technology: Data communication and information, information collection, processing, and distribution, System analysis and information systems, expert systems. Database software and structures, Database Management System(DBMS), Basics of multimedia systems with examples of hardware and software, concept of data compression, multimedia system development life cycle.
Local area, metropolitan area and wide area computer networks,(LAN, MAN,WAN ), LAN
Topology, Networking devices(Router, Switch, HUB),TCP/IP Protocol suite, Internet, Internet services and protocols, Internet Service Providers(ISPs) and their responsibilities, intranet and extranet, Word Wide Web(WWW) and web technology. Popular websites. Access control security and privacy. E-mail, Social media (facebook, twitter, blog ) and their impacts. Different types of Transmission media with examples, bandwidth. Major components of telecommunication systems,
mobile telephone systems, satellite communication systems and VSAT, importance of fibre optic communication system, Wi-Fi, E-Commerce technology and its impact to society, examples of ECommerce websites, B2B, B2C, M-Commerce, Smart phones, GPS